Affandi Koesoema
Pioneer Indonesian Artist

Affandi Koesoema was a highly influential  artist born in Cirebon, Indonesia.

He is widely regarded as one of Indonesia's most celebrated painters and a pioneer in the development of modern Indonesian art.

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About Affandi Koesoema

Affandi’s early life was marked by a lack of formal artistic training, yet his innate talent and passion for art led him on a remarkable journey of self-discovery and artistic exploration. His unconventional approach to painting, characterized by spontaneous brushwork and a bold use of color, set him apart from his contemporaries and earned him recognition both in his homeland and internationally.

Affandi’s art was deeply rooted in his personal experiences and emotions. He was known for his ability to capture raw human emotions and the essence of everyday life in Indonesia. His work often showcased scenes of rural landscapes, portraits of ordinary people, and self-portraits that provided an intimate glimpse into his own psyche.

Affandi’s dedication to art was unwavering, and he continued to paint prolifically throughout his life, creating a diverse body of work that reflected his evolving artistic vision.

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Famous Artworks by Affandi Koesoema


Affandi Koesoema’s career was marked by several iconic artworks that left a lasting impact on the art world, and these pieces continue to be celebrated for their emotional depth and artistic innovation.

Affandi Self-Portrait (1950): Perhaps one of the most iconic works in Affandi’s portfolio, his self-portrait from 1950 is a powerful testament to his ability to convey profound emotions through his art. In this self-portrait, Affandi uses bold and dramatic brushwork to create a visceral representation of his inner turmoil. His contorted facial expression and the thick, swirling brushstrokes seem to mirror the artist’s inner struggles and emotional intensity. The painting stands as a stark and raw self-examination, revealing the artist’s vulnerability and inner conflicts.

Mother (1948): Another notable masterpiece by Affandi is “Mother” from 1948. In this painting, he captures the essence of motherhood with remarkable tenderness and strength. The image portrays a mother gently cradling her child, and Affandi’s brushwork and use of color emphasize the warmth and love that radiate from the maternal bond. The soft, flowing lines of the mother’s figure juxtaposed with the baby’s vulnerability convey a sense of security and nurturing, making it a poignant portrayal of the universal theme of motherly love.

Borobudur Series: Affandi was deeply inspired by Indonesia’s rich cultural heritage, and he often painted scenes related to it. His “Borobudur Series” is a collection of works inspired by the ancient Borobudur temple in Central Java. These paintings reflect his fascination with the temple’s intricate design and historical significance. They showcase his skill in capturing architectural details and the play of light and shadow on the temple’s surfaces, providing a unique perspective on this iconic Indonesian landmark.

Rainy Day in Jogja (1951): In “Rainy Day in Jogja,” Affandi demonstrates his mastery of atmospheric conditions and the interplay of light and shadow. The painting portrays a rainy day in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, with raindrops falling against a backdrop of vibrant green foliage. Affandi’s use of bold brushstrokes and contrasting colors brings the scene to life, creating a vivid and immersive experience of a tropical downpour.

Sailor and His Wife (1958): This painting is a poignant portrayal of love and separation. It depicts a sailor, dressed in his uniform, bidding farewell to his wife, who stands on the shore. The emotional intensity of the scene is palpable, with the couple’s embrace conveying both longing and the strength of their connection. Affandi’s ability to capture the human experience and the complexity of human emotions is evident in this touching artwork.


Art is the most perfect of all the lies because it enables one to realize the dream and yet hide that one is doing so.

More Artworks by Affandi Koesoema

Affandi’s ability to infuse his artworks with profound emotional depth and his distinctive technique of using expressive brushwork and vibrant colors set him apart as a true master of modern Indonesian art. His artworks continue to inspire and move audiences, cementing Affandi’s legacy as an artist who transcended boundaries and touched the human soul through his creations.

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